About August 19

August 19, 2022 is the 231st day of the year 2022 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 134 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Friday.

You can browse the full year calendar in case you need it.

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Leo is the sun sign of a person born on this day. Peridot is the modern birthstone for this month. Diamond is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 156 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

What Happened On August 19

  • 1561
    An 18-year-old Mary, Queen of Scots, returns to Scotland after spending 13 years in France.
  • 1692
    Salem witch trials: in Salem, Massachusetts, Province of Massachusetts Bay five people, one woman and four men, including a clergyman, are executed after being convicted of witchcraft.
  • 1745
    Prince Charles Edward Stuart raises his standard in Glenfinnan – the start of the Second Jacobite Rebellion, known as “the 45”.
  • 1768
    Saint Isaac’s Cathedral is founded in Saint Petersburg, Russia.
  • 1782
    American Revolutionary War: Battle of Blue Licks – the last major engagement of the war, almost ten months after the surrender of the British commander Lord Cornwallis following the Siege of Yorktown.
  • 1848
    California Gold Rush: the New York Herald breaks the news to the East Coast of the United States of the gold rush in California (although the rush started in January).
  • 1861
    First ascent of Weisshorn, fifth highest summit in the Alps.
  • 1895
    American frontier murderer and outlaw, John Wesley Hardin, is killed by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso, Texas.
  • 1919
    Afghanistan gains full independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1934
    The creation of the position Führer is approved by the German electorate with 89.9% of the popular vote.
  • 1934
    The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio.
  • 1942
    World War II: Operation Jubilee – the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division leads an amphibious assault by allied forces on Dieppe, France and fails, many Canadians are killed or captured. The operation was doomed to fail, and was intended to develop and try new amphibious landing tactics for the coming full invasion in Normandy.
  • 1945
    Vietnam War: Viet Minh led by Ho Chi Minh take power in Hanoi, Vietnam.
  • 1953
    Cold War: The CIA and MI6 help to overthrow the government of Mohammed Mossadegh in Iran and reinstate the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
  • 1955
    In the Northeast United States, severe flooding caused by Hurricane Diane, claims 200 lives.
  • 1960
    Sputnik program: Sputnik 5 – the Soviet Union launches the satellite with the dogs Belka and Strelka, 40 mice, 2 rats and a variety of plants.
  • 1965
    Japanese prime minister Eisaku Sato becomes the first post-World War II sitting prime minister to visit Okinawa.
  • 1980
    Saudia Flight 163, a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar burns after making an emergency landing at King Khalid International Airport in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, killing 301 people.
  • 1981
    Gulf of Sidra Incident: United States fighters intercept and shoot down two Libyan Sukhoi Su-22 fighter jets over the Gulf of Sidra.
  • 1989
    Raid on offshore pirate station, Radio Caroline in North Sea by British and Dutch governments.

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