About August 31

August 31, 2022 is the 243rd day of the year 2022 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 122 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Wednesday.

You can browse the full year calendar in case you need it.

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Virgo is the sun sign of a person born on this day. Peridot is the modern birthstone for this month. Diamond is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 144 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

What Happened On August 31

  • 1056
    After a sudden illness a few days previous, Byzantine Empress Theodora dies without children to succeed the throne, thus ending the Macedonian dynasty.
  • 1218
    Al-Kamil becomes Sultan of Egypt, Syria and northern Mesopotamia on the death of his father Al-Adil.
  • 1314
    King Håkon V Magnusson moves the capital of Norway from Bergen to Oslo.
  • 1422
    King Henry V of England dies of dysentery while in France. His son, Henry VI becomes King of England at the age of 9 months.
  • 1813
    At the final stage of the Peninsular War, British-Portuguese troops capture the town of Donostia (now San Sebastián), resulting in a rampage and eventual destruction of the town. Elsewhere, Spanish troops repel a French attack in the Battle of San Marcial.
  • 1864
    During the American Civil War, Union forces led by General William T. Sherman launch an assault on Atlanta, Georgia.
  • 1876
    Ottoman Sultan Murat V is deposed and succeeded by his brother Abd-ul-Hamid II.
  • 1888
    Mary Ann Nichols is murdered. She is the first of Jack the Ripper’s confirmed victims.
  • 1897
    Thomas Edison patents the Kinetoscope, the first movie projector.
  • 1907
    Count Alexander Izvolsky and Sir Arthur Nicolson sign the St. Petersburg Convention, which results in the Triple Entente alliance.
  • 1939
    Nazi Germany mounts a staged attack on the Gleiwitz radio station, creating an excuse to attack Poland the following day thus starting World War II in Europe.
  • 1940
    Pennsylvania Central Airlines Trip 19 crashes near Lovettsville, Virginia. The CAB investigation of the accident is the first investigation to be conducted under the Bureau of Air Commerce act of 1938.
  • 1943
    The USS Harmon, the first U.S. Navy ship to be named after a black person, is commissioned.
  • 1949
    The retreat of the Democratic Army of Greece in Albania after its defeat on Gramos mountain marks the end of the Greek Civil War.
  • 1958
    A parcel bomb sent by Ngo Dinh Nhu, younger brother and chief adviser of South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem, fails to kill King Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia.
  • 1986
    The Soviet passenger liner Ship sinks in the Black Sea after colliding with the bulk carrier Pyotr Vasev, killing 423.
  • 1987
    Thai Airways Flight 365 crashes into the ocean near Ko Phuket, Thailand, killing all 83 aboard.
  • 1991
    Kyrgyzstan declares its independence from the Soviet Union.
  • 1994
    The Provisional Irish Republican Army declares a ceasefire.
  • 1997
    Diana, Princess of Wales, her companion Dodi Al-Fayed and driver Henri Paul die in a car crash in Paris.

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