About August 5

August 5, 2020 is the 218th day of the year 2020 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 148 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Wednesday.

You can browse the full year calendar in case you need it.

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Leo is the sun sign of a person born on this day. Peridot is the modern birthstone for this month. Diamond is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 191 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

What Happened On August 5

  • 1583
    Sir Humphrey Gilbert establishes the first English colony in North America, at what is now St John’s, Newfoundland.
  • 1735
    Freedom of the press: New York Weekly Journal writer John Peter Zenger is acquitted of seditious libel against the royal governor of New York, on the basis that what he had published was true.
  • 1861
    American Civil War: in order to help pay for the war effort, the United States government levies the first income tax as part of the Revenue Act of 1861 (3% of all incomes over US $800; rescinded in 1872).
  • 1882
    The Standard Oil of New Jersey is established.
  • 1901
    Peter O'Connor sets the first IAAF recognised long jump world record of 24 ft The record will stand for 20 years.
  • 1906
    Persian Constitutional Revolution: Mozaffar ad-Din Shah Qajar, King of Iran, agrees to convert the government to a constitutional monarchy.
  • 1914
    In Cleveland, Ohio, the first electric traffic light is installed.
  • 1914
    World War I: the German minelayer Königin Luise lays a minefield about 40 mi of the Thames Estuary (Lowestoft). She is intercepted and sunk by the British light-cruiser HMS Amphion.
  • 1916
    World War I: Battle of Romani – Allied forces, under the command of Archibald Murray, defeat an attacking Ottoman army under the command of Friedrich Freiherr Kress von Kressenstein, securing the Suez Canal and beginning the Ottoman retreat from the Sinai Peninsula.
  • 1944
    World War II: Polish insurgents liberate a German labor camp in Warsaw, freeing 348 Jewish prisoners.
  • 1944
    World War II: The Nazis begin a three-day massacre of anywhere between 40,000 and 100,000 civilians and prisoners of war in Wola, Poland.
  • 1944
    World War II: possibly the biggest prison breakout in history occurs as 545 Japanese POWs attempt to escape outside the town of Cowra, New South Wales, Australia.
  • 1949
    The Mann Gulch fire kills 13 firefighters in Montana.
  • 1960
    Burkina Faso, then known as Upper Volta, becomes independent from France.
  • 1962
    Nelson Mandela is jailed. He would not be released until 1990.
  • 1964
    Vietnam War: Operation Pierce Arrow – American aircraft from carriers USS Ticonderoga and USS Constellation bomb North Vietnam in retaliation for strikes against U.S. destroyers in the Gulf of Tonkin.
  • 1971
    The first Pacific Islands Forum (then known as the “South Pacific Forum”) is held in Wellington, New Zealand, with the aim of enhancing cooperation between the independent countries of the Pacific Ocean.
  • 1979
    In Afghanistan, Maoists undertake an attempted military uprising.
  • 1981
    Ronald Reagan fires 11,359 striking air-traffic controllers who ignored his order for them to return to work.
  • 2010
    2010 Copiapó mining accident occurs, trapping 33 Chilean miners approximately 2,300 ft below the ground.

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