About December 12

December 12, 2020 is the 347th day of the year 2020 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 19 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Saturday.

You can browse the full year calendar in case you need it.

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Sagittarius is the sun sign of a person born on this day. Turquoise is the modern birthstone for this month. Onyx is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 62 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

What Happened On December 12

  • 1408
    The Order of the Dragon a monarchical chivalric order is created by Sigismund of Luxembourg, then King of Hungary.
  • 1781
    American Revolutionary War: Second Battle of Ushant – A Royal Navy squadron, commanded by Rear Admiral Richard Kempenfelt on HMS Victory, defeats a French fleet.
  • 1787
    Pennsylvania becomes the second state to ratify the United States Constitution five days after Delaware became the first.
  • 1870
    Joseph H. Rainey of South Carolina becomes the second black U.S. congressman, the first one being Hiram Revels.
  • 1897
    Belo Horizonte, the first planned city in Brazil, is founded.
  • 1901
    Guglielmo Marconi receives the first transatlantic radio signal at Signal Hill in St John’s, Newfoundland.
  • 1911
    King George V of the United Kingdom and Mary of Teck are enthroned as Emperor and Empress of India.
  • 1925
    The Majlis of Iran votes to crown Reza Khan as the new Shah of Persia.
  • 1935
    Lebensborn Project, a Nazi reproduction program, is founded by Heinrich Himmler.
  • 1939
    Winter War: Battle of Tolvajärvi – Finnish forces defeat those of the Soviet Union in their first major victory of the conflict.
  • 1940
    World War II: Approximately 70 people are killed in the Marples Hotel, Fitzalan Square, Sheffield, as a result of a German air raid.
  • 1941
    World War II: Fifty-four Japanese A6M Zero fighters raid Batangas Field, Philippines. Jesús Villamor and four Filipino fighter pilots fend them off; César Basa is killed.
  • 1941
    World War II: USMC F4F “Wildcats” sink the first 4 major Japanese ships off Wake Island.
  • 1942
    World War II: German troops begin Operation Winter Storm, an attempt to relieve encircled Axis forces during the Battle of Stalingrad.
  • 1946
    A fire at a New York City ice plant spreads to a nearby tenement killing 37 people.
  • 1963
    Kenya gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
  • 1979
    A major earthquake and tsunami kill 259 people in Colombia.
  • 1979
    Coup d'état of December Twelfth: South Korean Army Major General Chun Doo-hwan orders the arrest of Army Chief of Staff General Jeong Seung-hwa without authorization from President Choi Kyu-ha, alleging involvement in the assassination of ex-President Park Chung Hee.
  • 1979
    President of Pakistan, Zia-ul-Haq, confers Nishan-e-Imtiaz on Nobel laureate Dr Abdus Salam.
  • 1985
    Arrow Air Flight 1285 crashes after takeoff in Gander, Newfoundland, killing 256, including 236 members of the United States Army’s 101st Airborne Division.

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