About December 13

December 13, 2021 is the 347th day of the year 2021 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 18 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Monday.

You can browse the full year calendar in case you need it.

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Sagittarius is the sun sign of a person born on this day. Turquoise is the modern birthstone for this month. Onyx is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 50 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

What Happened On December 13

  • 1294
    Saint Celestine V resigns the papacy after only five months; Celestine hoped to return to his previous life as an ascetic hermit.
  • 1545
    Council of Trent begins.
  • 1577
    Sir Francis Drake sets out from Plymouth, England, on his round-the-world voyage.
  • 1636
    The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the United States National Guard.
  • 1642
    Abel Janszoon Tasman reaches New Zealand.
  • 1769
    Dartmouth College is founded by the Rev. Eleazar Wheelock, with a Royal Charter from King George III, on land donated by Royal Governor John Wentworth.
  • 1809
    Dr. Ephraim McDowell performed the first ovariotomy, removing a 22 pound tumor.
  • 1937
    Nanjing Massacre. Japanese troops begin carrying out several weeks of raping and killing of civilians and suspected Chinese resistance after the fall of Nanjing.
  • 1937
    Second Sino-Japanese War: Battle of Nanjing – Nanjing, defended by the National Revolutionary Army under the command of General Tang Shengzhi, falls to the Japanese.
  • 1938
    The Holocaust: The Neuengamme concentration camp opens in the Bergedorf district of Hamburg, Germany.
  • 1939
    World War II: Battle of the River Plate – Captain Hans Langsdorff of the German Deutschland class cruiser (pocket battleship) Admiral Graf Spee engages with Royal Navy cruisers HMS Exeter, HMS Ajax and HMNZS Achilles.
  • 1959
    Archbishop Makarios becomes the first President of Cyprus.
  • 1962
    NASA Relay 1 launch, first active repeater communications satellite in orbit.
  • 1967
    Constantine II of Greece attempts an unsuccessful counter-coup against the Regime of the Colonels
  • 1979
    The Canadian Government of Prime Minister Joe Clark is defeated in the House of Commons, prompting the 1980 Canadian election.
  • 1981
    General Wojciech Jaruzelski declares martial law in Poland to prevent dismantling of the communist system by Solidarity.
  • 1989
    Attack on Derryard checkpoint: The Provisional Irish Republican Army launch an attack on a British Army nonpermanent vehicle checkpoint near Rosslea, Northern Ireland. Two British soldiers are killed and one badly wounded.
  • 2000
    Al Gore concedes the U.S. presidential election to George W. Bush.
  • 2000
    The “Texas 7” escape from the John Connally Unit near Kenedy, Texas and go on a robbery spree, during which police officer Aubrey Hawkins is shot and killed.
  • 2001
    The King of Perlis has has sweared and signed the proclamation of the Yang Di-Pertuan Agong,thus became the de jure 12th Yang Di-Pertuan Agong,the head of state of Malaysia.He replaced the Sultan of Selangor,whose died in office for five years.

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