About January 1

January 1, 2022 is the 1st day of the year 2022 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Saturday.

You can browse the full year calendar in case you need it.

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Capricorn is the sun sign of a person born on this day. Garnet is the modern birthstone for this month. Emerald is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 31 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

January 1: More About This Day

The preceding day is December 31 of the previous year.

During the Middle Ages under the influence of the Christian Church, many countries moved the start of the year to one of several important Christian festivals — December 25 (the Nativity of Jesus), March 1, March 25 (the Annunciation), or even Easter. Eastern European countries (most of them with populations showing allegiance to the Orthodox Church) began their numbered year on September 1 from about 988.

In England, January 1 was celebrated as the New Year festival, but from the 12th century to 1752 the year in England began on March 25 (Lady Day). So, for example, the Parliamentary record records the execution of Charles I occurring in 1648 (as the year did not end until March 24), although modern histories adjust the start of the year to January 1 and record the execution as occurring in 1649.

Most western European countries changed the start of the year to January 1 before they adopted the Gregorian calendar. For example, Scotland changed the start of the Scottish New Year to January 1 in 1600. England, Ireland and the British colonies changed the start of the year to January 1 in 1752. Later that year in September, the Gregorian calendar was introduced throughout Britain and the British colonies. These two reforms were implemented by the Calendar (New Style) Act 1750.

January 1 became the official start of the year as follows:

  • 1522 The Republic of Venice
  • 1544 Holy Roman Empire (Germany)
  • 1556 Spain, Portugal
  • 1559 Prussia, Sweden
  • 1564 France
  • 1576 Southern Netherlands
  • 1579 Lorraine
  • 1583 United Provinces of the Netherlands (northern)
  • 1600 Scotland
  • 1700 Russia
  • 1721 Tuscany
  • 1752 Great Britain (excluding Scotland) and its colonies

What Happened On January 1

  • 417
    Emperor Honorius forces Galla Placidia into marriage to Constantius, his famous general (magister militum).
  • 1001
    Grand Prince Stephen I of Hungary is named the first King of Hungary by Pope Sylvester II.
  • 1515
    King Francis I of France succeeds to the French throne.
  • 1772
    The first traveler’s cheques, which can be used in 90 European cities, go on sale in London, England, Great Britain.
  • 1801
    The legislative union of Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland is completed to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
  • 1898
    New York, New York annexes land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York. The four initial boroughs, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and The Bronx, are joined on January 25 by Staten Island to create the modern city of five boroughs.
  • 1911
    Northern Territory is separated from South Australia and transferred to Commonwealth control.
  • 1923
    Britain’s Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMS.
  • 1932
    The United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington’s birth.
  • 1958
    The European Economic Community is established.
  • 1959
    Fulgencio Batista, dictator of Cuba, is overthrown by Fidel Castro’s forces during the Cuban Revolution.
  • 1960
    Cameroon achieves independence from France and the United Kingdom.
  • 1978
    Air India Flight 855 Boeing 747 crashes into the sea, due to instrument failure and pilot disorientation, off the coast of Bombay, India, killing 213.
  • 1980
    Victoria is crowned princess of Sweden.
  • 1989
    The Montreal Protocol Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer comes into force.
  • 1994
    The North American Free Trade Agreement comes into effect.
  • 1996
    Curaçao gains limited self-government, though it remains within free association with the Netherlands.
  • 1998
    The European Central Bank is established.
  • 2002
    Taiwan officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Chinese Taipei.
  • 2012
    Kim Jong-un is officially declared the new Supreme Leader of North Korea.

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