About January 1

January 1, 2024 is the 1st day of the year 2024 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 365 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Monday.

You can browse the full year calendar in case you need it.

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Capricorn is the sun sign of a person born on this day. Garnet is the modern birthstone for this month. Emerald is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 40 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

January 1: More About This Day

The preceding day is December 31 of the previous year.

During the Middle Ages under the influence of the Christian Church, many countries moved the start of the year to one of several important Christian festivals — December 25 (the Nativity of Jesus), March 1, March 25 (the Annunciation), or even Easter. Eastern European countries (most of them with populations showing allegiance to the Orthodox Church) began their numbered year on September 1 from about 988.

In England, January 1 was celebrated as the New Year festival, but from the 12th century to 1752 the year in England began on March 25 (Lady Day). So, for example, the Parliamentary record records the execution of Charles I occurring in 1648 (as the year did not end until March 24), although modern histories adjust the start of the year to January 1 and record the execution as occurring in 1649.

Most western European countries changed the start of the year to January 1 before they adopted the Gregorian calendar. For example, Scotland changed the start of the Scottish New Year to January 1 in 1600. England, Ireland and the British colonies changed the start of the year to January 1 in 1752. Later that year in September, the Gregorian calendar was introduced throughout Britain and the British colonies. These two reforms were implemented by the Calendar (New Style) Act 1750.

January 1 became the official start of the year as follows:

  • 1522 The Republic of Venice
  • 1544 Holy Roman Empire (Germany)
  • 1556 Spain, Portugal
  • 1559 Prussia, Sweden
  • 1564 France
  • 1576 Southern Netherlands
  • 1579 Lorraine
  • 1583 United Provinces of the Netherlands (northern)
  • 1600 Scotland
  • 1700 Russia
  • 1721 Tuscany
  • 1752 Great Britain (excluding Scotland) and its colonies

What Happened On January 1

  • 42 BC
    The Roman Senate posthumously deifies Julius Caesar
  • 153 BC
    Roman consuls begin their year in office.
  • 1438
    Albert II of Habsburg is crowned King of Hungary.
  • 1873
    Japan begins using the Gregorian calendar.
  • 1890
    The Tournament of Roses Parade in Pasadena, California, is first held.
  • 1912
    The Republic of China is established.
  • 1928
    Boris Bazhanov defects through Iran. He is the only assistant of Joseph Stalin’s secretariat to have defected from the Eastern Bloc.
  • 1934
    Alcatraz Island becomes a United States federal prison.
  • 1934
    Nazi Germany passes the “Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring”.
  • 1939
    Sydney, Australia, swelters in 45 ˚C (113 ˚F) heat, a record for the city.
  • 1942
    The Declaration by United Nations is signed by twenty-six nations.
  • 1956
    Sudan achieves independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom.
  • 1973
    Denmark, the United Kingdom, and Ireland are admitted into the European Community.
  • 1984
    The original American Telephone & Telegraph Company is divested of its 22 Bell System companies as a result of the settlement of the 1974 United States Department of Justice antitrust suit against AT&T.
  • 1988
    The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America comes into existence, creating the largest Lutheran denomination in the United States.
  • 1993
    Dissolution of Czechoslovakia: Czechoslovakia is divided into Slovakia and the Czech Republic.
  • 1995
    The World Trade Organization goes into effect.
  • 2002
    Taiwan officially joins the World Trade Organization, as Chinese Taipei.
  • 2002
    The Open Skies mutual surveillance treaty, initially signed in 1992, officially comes into force.
  • 2012
    Kim Jong-un is officially declared the new Supreme Leader of North Korea.

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