About January 20

January 20, 2022 is the 20th day of the year 2022 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 345 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Thursday.

You can browse the full year calendar in case you need it.

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Capricorn is the sun sign of a person born on this day. Garnet is the modern birthstone for this month. Emerald is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 12 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

January 20: More About This Day

In the ancient astronomy, it was the cusp day between Capricorn and Aquarius. In some years it is Aquarius, but others Capricorn. It depends on the year.

What Happened On January 20

  • 1265
    In Westminster, the first English parliament conducts its first meeting held by Simon de Montfort in the Palace of Westminster, now also known colloquially as the “Houses of Parliament”.
  • 1320
    Duke Wladyslaw Lokietek becomes king of Poland.
  • 1502
    The present-day location of Rio de Janeiro is first explored.
  • 1523
    Christian II is forced to abdicate as King of Denmark and Norway.
  • 1576
    The Mexican city of León is founded by order of the viceroy Don Martín Enríquez de Almanza.
  • 1649
    Charles I of England goes on trial for treason and other “high crimes”.
  • 1783
    The Kingdom of Great Britain signs a peace treaty with France and Spain, officially ending hostilities in the American Revolutionary War (also known as the American War of Independence).
  • 1788
    The third and main part of First Fleet arrives at Botany Bay. Arthur Phillip decides that Botany Bay is unsuitable for the location of a penal colony, and decides to move to Port Jackson.
  • 1801
    John Marshall is appointed the Chief Justice of the United States.
  • 1839
    In the Battle of Yungay, Chile defeats an alliance between Peru and Bolivia.
  • 1921
    The first Constitution of Turkey is adopted, making fundamental changes in the source and exercise of sovereignty by consecrating the principle of national sovereignty.
  • 1934
    Fujifilm, the photographic and electronics company, is founded in Tokyo, Japan.
  • 1936
    Edward VIII becomes King of the United Kingdom.
  • 1954
    The National Negro Network is established with 40 charter member radio stations.
  • 1969
    East Pakistani police kill student activist Amanullah Asaduzzaman. The resulting outrage is in part responsible for the Bangladesh Liberation War.
  • 1987
    Church of England envoy Terry Waite is kidnapped in Lebanon.
  • 1991
    Sudan’s government imposes Islamic law nationwide, worsening the civil war between the country’s Muslim north and Christian south.
  • 1999
    The China News Service announces new government restrictions on Internet use, aimed especially at Internet cafés.
  • 2001
    Philippine president Joseph Estrada is ousted in a nonviolent 4-day revolution, and is succeeded by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.
  • 2007
    A three-man team, using only skis and kites, completes a 1093 mi trek to reach the southern pole of inaccessibility for the first time since 1958 and for the first time ever without mechanical assistance.

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