About January 31

January 31, 2021 is the 31st day of the year 2021 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 334 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Sunday.

You can browse the full year calendar in case you need it.

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Aquarius is the sun sign of a person born on this day. Garnet is the modern birthstone for this month. Emerald is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 12 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

What Happened On January 31

  • 314
    Silvester I begins his reign as Pope of the Catholic Church, succeeding Pope Miltiades.
  • 1504
    France cedes Naples to Aragon.
  • 1814
    Gervasio Antonio de Posadas becomes Supreme Director of Argentina.
  • 1848
    John C. Fremont is court-martialed for mutiny and disobeying orders.
  • 1930
    3M begins marketing Scotch Tape.
  • 1942
    World War II: Allied forces are defeated by the Japanese at the Battle of Malaya and retreat to the island of Singapore.
  • 1943
    German Field Marshal Friedrich Paulus surrenders to the Soviets at Stalingrad, followed 2 days later by the remainder of his Sixth Army, ending one of World War II’s fiercest battles.
  • 1944
    World War II: During Anzio campaign 1st Ranger Battalion (Darby’s Rangers) is destroyed behind enemy lines in a heavily outnumbered encounter at Battle of Cisterna, Italy.
  • 1945
    World War II: About 3,000 inmates from the Stutthof concentration camp are forcibly marched into the Baltic Sea at Palmnicken (now Yantarny, Russia) and executed.
  • 1950
    President Harry S. Truman announces a program to develop the hydrogen bomb.
  • 1958
    Explorer program: Explorer 1 – The first successful launch of an American satellite into orbit.
  • 1958
    James Van Allen discovers the Van Allen radiation belt.
  • 1961
    Project Mercury: Mercury-Redstone 2 – Ham the Chimp travels into outer space.
  • 1971
    Apollo program: Apollo 14 – Astronauts Alan Shepard, Stuart Roosa, and Edgar Mitchell, aboard a Saturn V, lift off for a mission to the Fra Mauro Highlands on the Moon.
  • 1971
    The Winter Soldier Investigation, organized by the Vietnam Veterans Against the War to publicize war crimes and atrocities by Americans and allies in Vietnam, begin in Detroit, Michigan.
  • 1996
    An explosives-filled truck rams into the gates of the Central Bank of Sri Lanka in Colombo, Sri Lanka killing at least 86 and injuring 1,400.
  • 1996
    Comet Hyakutake is discovered by Japanese amateur astronomer Yuji Hyakutake.
  • 2001
    In the Netherlands, a Scottish court convicts Libyan Abdelbaset al-Megrahi and acquits another Libyan citizen for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988.
  • 2009
    In Kenya, at least 113 people are killed and over 200 injured following an oil spillage ignition in Molo, days after a massive fire at a Nakumatt supermarket in Nairobi killed at least 25 people.
  • 2014
    New Year’s Day in Chinese calendar. Start of the year of the Wood Horse in Chinese astrology.

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