About January 31

January 31, 2020 is the 31st day of the year 2020 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 335 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Friday.

You can browse the full year calendar in case you need it.

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Aquarius is the sun sign of a person born on this day. Garnet is the modern birthstone for this month. Emerald is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 378 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

What Happened On January 31

  • 1865
    American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief.
  • 1865
    American Civil War: The United States Congress passes the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, abolishing slavery, submitting it to the states for ratification.
  • 1876
    The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations.
  • 1900
    Datu Muhammad Salleh is assassinated in Kampung Teboh, Tambunan, ending the Mat Salleh Rebellion
  • 1929
    The Soviet Union exiles Leon Trotsky.
  • 1942
    World War II: Allied forces are defeated by the Japanese at the Battle of Malaya and retreat to the island of Singapore.
  • 1945
    World War II: About 3,000 inmates from the Stutthof concentration camp are forcibly marched into the Baltic Sea at Palmnicken (now Yantarny, Russia) and executed.
  • 1950
    President Harry S. Truman announces a program to develop the hydrogen bomb.
  • 1953
    A North Sea flood causes over 1,800 deaths in the Netherlands.
  • 1958
    James Van Allen discovers the Van Allen radiation belt.
  • 1961
    Project Mercury: Mercury-Redstone 2 – Ham the Chimp travels into outer space.
  • 1966
    The Soviet Union launches the unmanned Luna 9 spacecraft as part of the Luna program.
  • 1968
    Viet Cong attack the United States embassy in Saigon, and other attacks, in the early morning hours, later grouped together as the Tet Offensive.
  • 1971
    Apollo program: Apollo 14 – Astronauts Alan Shepard, Stuart Roosa, and Edgar Mitchell, aboard a Saturn V, lift off for a mission to the Fra Mauro Highlands on the Moon.
  • 1990
    The first McDonald’s in the Soviet Union opens in Moscow.
  • 1995
    President Bill Clinton authorizes a $20 billion loan to Mexico to stabilize its economy.
  • 2001
    In the Netherlands, a Scottish court convicts Libyan Abdelbaset al-Megrahi and acquits another Libyan citizen for their part in the bombing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland in 1988.
  • 2003
    The Waterfall rail accident occurs near Waterfall, New South Wales, Australia.
  • 2009
    In Kenya, at least 113 people are killed and over 200 injured following an oil spillage ignition in Molo, days after a massive fire at a Nakumatt supermarket in Nairobi killed at least 25 people.
  • 2014
    New Year’s Day in Chinese calendar. Start of the year of the Wood Horse in Chinese astrology.

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