About July 21

July 21, 2020 is the 203rd day of the year 2020 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 163 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Tuesday.

You can browse the full year calendar in case you need it.

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Cancer is the sun sign of a person born on this day. Ruby is the modern birthstone for this month. Ruby is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 206 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

What Happened On July 21

  • 356 BC
    The Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is destroyed by arson.
  • 230
    Pope Pontian succeeds Urban I as the eighteenth pope.
  • 285
    Diocletian appoints Maximian as Caesar and co-ruler.
  • 1545
    The first landing of French troops on the coast of the Isle of Wight during the French invasion of the Isle of Wight.
  • 1568
    Eighty Years’ War: Battle of Jemmingen – Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, Duke of Alva defeats Louis of Nassau.
  • 1774
    Russo-Turkish War, 1768-1774: Russia and the Ottoman Empire sign the Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji ending the war.
  • 1861
    American Civil War: First Battle of Bull Run – at Manassas Junction, Virginia, the first major battle of the war begins and ends in a victory for the Confederate army.
  • 1877
    After rioting by Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers and the deaths of nine rail workers at the hands of the Maryland militia, workers in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania stage a sympathy strike that is met with an assault by the state militia.
  • 1918
    SMU U-156 shells Nauset Beach, in Orleans, Massachusetts.
  • 1925
    Scopes Trial: In Dayton, Tennessee, high school biology teacher John T. Scopes is found guilty of teaching evolution in class and fined $100.
  • 1944
    World War II: Claus Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg and fellow conspirators are executed in Berlin, Germany for the July 20 plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler.
  • 1954
    First Indochina War: The Geneva Conference partitions Vietnam into North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
  • 1959
    Elijah Jerry “Pumpsie” Green becomes the first African-American to play for the Boston Red Sox, the last team to integrate. He came in as a pinch runner for Vic Wertz and stayed in as shortstop in a 2-1 loss to the Chicago White Sox.
  • 1969
    Space Race: Neil Armstrong and Edwin “Buzz” Aldrin become the first humans to walk on the Moon, during the Apollo 11 mission (July 20 in North America).
  • 1972
    Bloody Friday bombings by the Provisional IRA around Belfast, Northern Ireland – 22 bombs are detonated, killing 9 and seriously injuring 130.
  • 1973
    In the Lillehammer affair in Norway, Israeli Mossad agents kill a waiter whom they mistakenly thought was involved in the 1972 Munich Olympics Massacre.
  • 1983
    The world’s lowest temperature is recorded at Vostok Station, Antarctica at -89.2 °C.
  • 1997
    The fully restored USS Constitution (aka Old Ironsides) celebrates her 200th birthday by setting sail for the first time in 116 years.
  • 2001
    At the conclusion of a fireworks display on Okura Beach in Akashi, Hyōgo, Japan, 11 people are killed and more than 120 are injured when a pedestrian footbridge connecting the beach to JR Asagiri railway station becomes overcrowded and people leaving the event fall down in a domino effect.
  • 2005
    Four terrorist bombings, occurring exactly two weeks after the similar July 7 bombings, target London’s public transportation system. All four bombs fail to detonate and all four suspected suicide bombers are captured and later convicted and imprisoned for long terms.

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