About July 23

July 23, 2021 is the 204th day of the year 2021 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 161 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Friday.

You can browse the full year calendar in case you need it.

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Leo is the sun sign of a person born on this day. Ruby is the modern birthstone for this month. Ruby is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 193 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

What Happened On July 23

  • 1677
    Scanian War: Denmark–Norway captures the harbor town of Marstrand from Sweden.
  • 1829
    In the United States, William Austin Burt patents the typographer, a precursor to the typewriter.
  • 1833
    Cornerstones are laid for the construction of the Kirtland Temple in Kirtland, Ohio.
  • 1908
    The Second Constitution accepted by the Ottomans.
  • 1914
    Austria-Hungary issues an ultimatum to Serbia demanding Serbia to allow the Austrians to determine who assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Serbia will reject those demands and Austria will declare war on July 28.
  • 1926
    Fox Film buys the patents of the Movietone sound system for recording sound onto film.
  • 1936
    In Catalonia, Spain, the Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia is founded through the merger of Socialist and Communist parties.
  • 1942
    The Holocaust: the Treblinka extermination camp is opened.
  • 1942
    World War II: The German offensives Operation Edelweiss and Operation Braunschweig begin.
  • 1945
    The post-war legal processes against Philippe Pétain begin.
  • 1952
    The European Coal and Steel community is established.
  • 1968
    Glenville Shootout: in Cleveland, Ohio, a violent shootout between a Black Militant organization led by Ahmed Evans and the Cleveland Police Department occurs. During the shootout, a riot begins and lasts for five days.
  • 1970
    Qaboos ibn Sa’id becomes Sultan of Oman after overthrowing his father, Sa’id ibn Taimur initiating massive reforms ;modernisation programs and end to a decade long civil war.
  • 1972
    The United States launch Landsat 1, the first Earth-resources satellite.
  • 1982
    The International Whaling Commission decides to end commercial whaling by 1985-86.
  • 1983
    The Sri Lankan Civil War begins with the killing of 13 Sri Lanka Army soldiers by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Terrorist group. In the subsequent riots of Black July, about 1,000 Tamils are slaughtered, some 400,000 Tamils flee to neighbouring Tamil Nadu, India and many find refuge in Europe and Canada.
  • 1984
    Vanessa Williams becomes the first Miss America to resign when she surrenders her crown after nude photos of her appeared in Penthouse magazine.
  • 1988
    General Ne Win, effective ruler of Burma since 1962, resigns after pro-democracy protests.
  • 1995
    Comet Hale-Bopp is discovered; it will become visible to the naked eye nearly a year later.
  • 1997
    Digital Equipment Company files antitrust charges against chipmaker Intel.

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