About July 31

July 31, 2020 is the 213rd day of the year 2020 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 153 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Friday.

You can browse the full year calendar in case you need it.

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Leo is the sun sign of a person born on this day. Ruby is the modern birthstone for this month. Ruby is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 196 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

What Happened On July 31

  • 904
    Thessalonica falls to the Arabs, who destroy the city.
  • 1009
    Pope Sergius IV becomes the 142nd pope, succeeding Pope John XVIII.
  • 1498
    On his third voyage to the Western Hemisphere, Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to discover the island of Trinidad.
  • 1588
    The Spanish Armada is spotted off the coast of England.
  • 1655
    Russo-Polish War (1654-1667): the Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for six years.
  • 1667
    Second Anglo-Dutch War: Treaty of Breda ends the conflict.
  • 1703
    Daniel Defoe is placed in a pillory for the crime of seditious libel after publishing a politically satirical pamphlet, but is pelted with flowers.
  • 1865
    The first narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Australia.
  • 1919
    German national assembly adopts the Weimar Constitution, which comes into force on August 14.
  • 1931
    New York City experimental television station W2XAO (now known as WCBS) begins broadcasts.
  • 1938
    Archaeologists discover engraved gold and silver plates from King Darius the Great in Persepolis.
  • 1941
    Holocaust: under instructions from Adolf Hitler, Nazi official Hermann Göring, orders SS General Reinhard Heydrich to “submit to me as soon as possible a general plan of the administrative material and financial measures necessary for carrying out the desired final solution of the Jewish question.”
  • 1948
    At Idlewild Field in New York, New York International Airport (later renamed John F. Kennedy International Airport) is dedicated.
  • 1954
    First ascent of K2, by an Italian expedition led by Ardito Desio.
  • 1961
    At Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts, the first All-Star Game tie in major league baseball history occurs when the game is stopped in the 9th inning because of rain.
  • 1970
    Black Tot Day: The last day of the officially sanctioned rum ration in the Royal Navy.
  • 1971
    Apollo program: Apollo 15 astronauts become the first to ride in a lunar rover.
  • 1991
    The United States and Soviet Union both sign the START I Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, the first to reduce (with verification) both countries’ stockpiles.
  • 1992
    Thai Airways International Flight 311 crashes into a mountain north of Kathmandu, Nepal killing all 113 people on board.
  • 2006
    Fidel Castro hands over power temporarily to brother Raúl Castro.

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