About July 31

July 31, 2021 is the 212th day of the year 2021 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 153 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Saturday.

You can browse the full year calendar in case you need it.

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Leo is the sun sign of a person born on this day. Ruby is the modern birthstone for this month. Ruby is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 185 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

What Happened On July 31

  • 1009
    Pope Sergius IV becomes the 142nd pope, succeeding Pope John XVIII.
  • 1498
    On his third voyage to the Western Hemisphere, Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to discover the island of Trinidad.
  • 1655
    Russo-Polish War (1654-1667): the Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for six years.
  • 1658
    Aurangzeb is proclaimed Moghul emperor of India.
  • 1703
    Daniel Defoe is placed in a pillory for the crime of seditious libel after publishing a politically satirical pamphlet, but is pelted with flowers.
  • 1741
    Charles Albert of Bavaria invades Upper Austria and Bohemia.
  • 1777
    The U.S. Second Continental Congress passes a resolution that the services of Marquis de Lafayette “be accepted, and that, in consideration of his zeal, illustrious family and connexions, he have the rank and commission of major-general of the United States.”
  • 1790
    The very first U.S. patent is issued: to inventor Samuel Hopkins for a potash process.
  • 1865
    The first narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Australia.
  • 1913
    The Balkan States signs an armistice at Bucharest.
  • 1945
    Pierre Laval, the fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria.
  • 1956
    Jim Laker becomes the first man to take all 10 wickets in a Test match innings as he returns figures of 10/53 in the Australian 2nd innings. This combined with his 9/37 in the first innings gave him match figures of 19/90 in the 4th Test at Old Trafford.
  • 1961
    At Fenway Park in Boston, Massachusetts, the first All-Star Game tie in major league baseball history occurs when the game is stopped in the 9th inning because of rain.
  • 1964
    Ranger program: Ranger 7 sends back the first close-up photographs of the moon, with images 1,000 times clearer than anything ever seen from earth-bound telescopes.
  • 1970
    Black Tot Day: The last day of the officially sanctioned rum ration in the Royal Navy.
  • 1971
    Apollo program: Apollo 15 astronauts become the first to ride in a lunar rover.
  • 1973
    A Delta Air Lines jetliner, flight DL 723 crashes while landing in fog at Logan Airport, Boston, Massachusetts killing 89.
  • 1991
    The Medininkai Massacre in Lithuania. Soviet OMON attacks Lithuanian customs post in Medininkai, killing 7 officers and severely wounding one other.
  • 1991
    The United States and Soviet Union both sign the START I Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty, the first to reduce (with verification) both countries’ stockpiles.
  • 1999
    Discovery Program: Lunar Prospector – NASA intentionally crashes the spacecraft into the Moon, thus ending its mission to detect frozen water on the moon’s surface.

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