About July 31

July 31, 2021 is the 212nd day of the year 2021 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 153 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Saturday.

You can browse the full year calendar in case you need it.

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Leo is the sun sign of a person born on this day. Ruby is the modern birthstone for this month. Ruby is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 185 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

What Happened On July 31

  • 30 BC
    Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves a minor victory over Octavian’s forces, but most of his army subsequently deserts, leading to his suicide.
  • 1009
    Pope Sergius IV becomes the 142nd pope, succeeding Pope John XVIII.
  • 1492
    The Jews are expelled from Spain when the Alhambra Decree takes effect.
  • 1498
    On his third voyage to the Western Hemisphere, Christopher Columbus becomes the first European to discover the island of Trinidad.
  • 1655
    Russo-Polish War (1654-1667): the Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for six years.
  • 1703
    Daniel Defoe is placed in a pillory for the crime of seditious libel after publishing a politically satirical pamphlet, but is pelted with flowers.
  • 1741
    Charles Albert of Bavaria invades Upper Austria and Bohemia.
  • 1777
    The U.S. Second Continental Congress passes a resolution that the services of Marquis de Lafayette “be accepted, and that, in consideration of his zeal, illustrious family and connexions, he have the rank and commission of major-general of the United States.”
  • 1790
    The very first U.S. patent is issued: to inventor Samuel Hopkins for a potash process.
  • 1856
    Christchurch, New Zealand is chartered as a city.
  • 1865
    The first narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Australia.
  • 1931
    New York City experimental television station W2XAO (now known as WCBS) begins broadcasts.
  • 1932
    The NSDAP (Nazi Party) wins more than 38% of the vote in German elections.
  • 1938
    Bulgaria signs a non-aggression pact with Greece and other states of Balkan Antanti (Turkey, Romania, Yugoslavia).
  • 1945
    Pierre Laval, the fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria.
  • 1970
    Black Tot Day: The last day of the officially sanctioned rum ration in the Royal Navy.
  • 1988
    32 people are killed and 1,674 injured when a bridge at the Sultan Abdul Halim ferry terminal collapses in Butterworth, Malaysia.
  • 1991
    The Medininkai Massacre in Lithuania. Soviet OMON attacks Lithuanian customs post in Medininkai, killing 7 officers and severely wounding one other.
  • 1992
    Georgia joins the United Nations.
  • 1999
    Discovery Program: Lunar Prospector – NASA intentionally crashes the spacecraft into the Moon, thus ending its mission to detect frozen water on the moon’s surface.

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