About November 19

November 19, 2021 is the 323rd day of the year 2021 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 42 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Friday.

You can browse the full year calendar in case you need it.

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Scorpio is the sun sign of a person born on this day. Topaz is the modern birthstone for this month. Pearl is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 74 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

What Happened On November 19

  • 1095
    The Council of Clermont, called by Pope Urban II to discuss sending the First Crusade to the Holy Land, begins.
  • 1493
    Christopher Columbus goes ashore on an island he first saw the day before. He names it San Juan Bautista (later renamed Puerto Rico).
  • 1794
    The United States and the Kingdom of Great Britain sign Jay’s Treaty, which attempts to resolve some of the lingering problems left over from the American Revolutionary War.
  • 1911
    The Doom Bar in Cornwall claimed two ships, Island Maid and Angele, the latter killing the entire crew except the captain.
  • 1916
    Samuel Goldwyn and Edgar Selwyn establish Goldwyn Pictures.
  • 1941
    World War II: Battle between HMAS Sydney and HSK Kormoran. The two ships sink each other off the coast of Western Australia, with the loss of 645 Australians and about 77 German seamen.
  • 1943
    Holocaust: Nazis liquidate Janowska concentration camp in Lemberg (Lviv), western Ukraine, murdering at least 6,000 Jews after a failed uprising and mass escape attempt.
  • 1944
    World War II: Thirty members of the Luxembourgish resistance defend the town of Vianden against a larger Waffen-SS attack in the Battle of Vianden.
  • 1946
    Afghanistan, Iceland and Sweden join the United Nations.
  • 1947
    George VI of the United Kingdom creates Philip Mountbatten the Duke of Edinburgh in preparation for his wedding to George’s elder daughter, Princess Elizabeth, the next day.
  • 1954
    Télé Monte Carlo, Europe’s oldest private television channel, is launched by Prince Rainier III.
  • 1979
    Iran hostage crisis: Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini orders the release of 13 female and black American hostages being held at the US Embassy in Tehran.
  • 1984
    San Juanico Disaster: A series of explosions at the PEMEX petroleum storage facility at San Juan Ixhuatepec in Mexico City starts a major fire and kills about 500 people.
  • 1985
    Cold War: In Geneva, U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet for the first time.
  • 1985
    Pennzoil wins a US$10.53 billion judgment against Texaco, in the largest civil verdict in the history of the United States, stemming from Texaco executing a contract to buy Getty Oil after Pennzoil had entered into an unsigned, yet still binding, buyout contract with Getty.
  • 1990
    Pop group Milli Vanilli are stripped of their Grammy Award because the duo did not sing at all on the Girl You Know It’s True album. Session musicians had provided all the vocals.
  • 1994
    In the United Kingdom, the first National Lottery draw is held. A £1 ticket gave a one-in-14-million chance of correctly guessing the winning six out of 49 numbers.
  • 1996
    Lt. Gen. Maurice Baril of Canada arrives in Africa to lead a multi-national policing force in Zaire.
  • 1998
    Lewinsky scandal: The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee begins impeachment hearings against U.S. President Bill Clinton.
  • 1998
    Vincent van Gogh’s Portrait of the Artist Without Beard sells at auction for US$71.5 million.

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