About October 19

October 19, 2024 is the 293rd day of the year 2024 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 73 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Saturday.

You can browse the full year calendar in case you need it.

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Libra is the sun sign of a person born on this day. Opal is the modern birthstone for this month. Jasper is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 102 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

What Happened On October 19

  • 1469
    Ferdinand II of Aragon marries Isabella I of Castile, a marriage that paves the way to the unification of Aragon and Castile into a single country, Spain.
  • 1649
    New Ross town, Co. Wexford, Ireland, surrenders to Oliver Cromwell.
  • 1781
    At Yorktown, Virginia, representatives of British commander Lord Cornwallis handed over Cornwallis’ sword and formally surrendered to George Washington and the comte de Rochambeau.
  • 1812
    Napoleon I of France retreats from Moscow.
  • 1822
    In Parnaíba; Simplício Dias da Silva, João Cândido de Deus e Silva and Domingos Dias declare the independent state of Piauí.
  • 1900
    Max Planck, in his house at Grunewald, on the outskirts of Berlin, discovers the law of black body emission (Planck’s law).
  • 1904
    Polytechnic University of the Philippines founded as Manila Business School through the superintendence of the American C.A. O'Reilley.
  • 1914
    The First Battle of Ypres begins.
  • 1921
    Portuguese Prime Minister António Granjo and other politicians are murdered in a Lisbon coup.
  • 1935
    The League of Nations places economic sanctions on fascist Italy for its invasion of Ethiopia.
  • 1944
    United States forces land in the Philippines.
  • 1954
    First ascent of Cho Oyu.
  • 1956
    The Soviet Union and Japan sign a Joint Declaration, officially ending the state of war between the two countries that had existed since August 1945.
  • 1969
    The first Prime Minister of Tunisia in twelve years, Bahi Ladgham, is appointed by President Habib Bourguiba.
  • 1974
    Niue becomes a self-governing colony of New Zealand.
  • 1987
    Black Monday - the Dow Jones Industrial Average falls by 22%, 508 points.
  • 1987
    In retaliation for Iranian attacks on ships in the Persian Gulf, the U.S. Navy disables three of Iran’s offshore oil platforms.
  • 1989
    The convictions of the Guildford Four are quashed by the Court of Appeal of England and Wales, after they had spent 15 years in prison.
  • 2001
    SIEV-X, an Indonesian fishing boat en-route to Christmas Island, carrying over 400 asylum seekers, sinks in international waters with the loss of 353 people.
  • 2003
    Mother Teresa is beatified by Pope John Paul II.

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