About October 20

October 20, 2021 is the 293rd day of the year 2021 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 72 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Wednesday.

You can browse the full year calendar in case you need it.

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Libra is the sun sign of a person born on this day. Opal is the modern birthstone for this month. Jasper is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 104 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

What Happened On October 20

  • 1720
    Caribbean pirate Calico Jack is captured by the Royal Navy.
  • 1740
    Maria Theresa takes the throne of Austria. France, Prussia, Bavaria and Saxony refuse to honour the Pragmatic Sanction and the War of the Austrian Succession begins.
  • 1781
    Patent of Toleration, providing limited freedom of worship, is approved in Habsburg Monarchy.
  • 1803
    The United States Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase.
  • 1818
    The Convention of 1818 signed between the United States and the United Kingdom which, among other things, settled the Canada – United States border on the 49th parallel for most of its length.
  • 1827
    Battle of Navarino – a combined Turkish and Egyptian armada is defeated by British, French, and Russian naval force in the port of Navarino in Pylos, Greece.
  • 1873
    Yale, Princeton, Columbia, and Rutgers universities draft the first code of American football rules.
  • 1883
    Peru and Chile sign the Treaty of Ancón, by which the Tarapacá province is ceded to the latter, bringing an end to Peru’s involvement in the War of the Pacific.
  • 1904
    Chile and Bolivia sign the Treaty of Peace and Friendship, delimiting the border between the two countries.
  • 1935
    The Long March ends.
  • 1939
    Pope Pius XII publishes his first major encyclical entitled Summi Pontificatus.
  • 1941
    World War II: Thousands of civilians in Kragujevac in German-occupied Serbia are killed in the Kragujevac massacre.
  • 1943
    The cargo vessel Sinfra is attacked by Allied aircraft at Suda Bay, Crete, and sunk. 2,098 Italian prisoners of war drown with it.
  • 1947
    United States of America and Pakistan establish diplomatic relations for the first time.
  • 1967
    A purported bigfoot is filmed by Patterson and Gimlin.
  • 1970
    Siad Barre declares Somalia a socialist state.
  • 1973
    “Saturday Night Massacre”: President Richard Nixon fires U.S. Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus after they refuse to fire Watergate special prosecutor Archibald Cox, who is finally fired by Robert Bork.
  • 1977
    A plane carrying Lynyrd Skynyrd crashes in Mississippi, killing lead singer Ronnie Van Zant and guitarist Steve Gaines along with backup singer Cassie Gaines, the road manager, pilot, and co-pilot.
  • 1981
    Two police officers and an armored car guard are killed during an armed robbery in Rockland County, NY, carried out by members of the Black Liberation Army and Weather Underground.
  • 1982
    During the UEFA Cup match between FC Spartak Moscow and HFC Haarlem, 66 people are crushed to death in the Luzhniki disaster.

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