About October 21

October 21, 2024 is the 295th day of the year 2024 in the Gregorian calendar. There are 71 days remaining until the end of this year. The day of the week is Monday.

You can browse the full year calendar in case you need it.

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Libra is the sun sign of a person born on this day. Opal is the modern birthstone for this month. Jasper is the mystical birthstone from Tibetan origin that dates back over a thousand years.

According to the lunisolar Chinese calendar, there are 100 days remaining before the start of the next Chinese New Year.

What Happened On October 21

  • 1392
    Nanboku-chō: Emperor Go-Kameyama abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu.
  • 1512
    Martin Luther joins the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg.
  • 1520
    Ferdinand Magellan discovers a strait now known as Strait of Magellan.
  • 1520
    João Álvares Fagundes discovers the islands of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon, bestowing them their original name of “Islands of the 11,000 Virgins”.
  • 1774
    First display of the word “Liberty” on a flag, raised by colonists in Taunton, Massachusetts in defiance of British rule in Colonial America.
  • 1797
    In Boston Harbor, the 44-gun United States Navy frigate USS Constitution is launched.
  • 1816
    The Penang Free School is founded in George Town, Penang, Malaysia, by the Rev Hutchings. It is the oldest English-language school in Southeast Asia.
  • 1824
    Joseph Aspdin patents Portland cement.
  • 1854
    Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses are sent to the Crimean War.
  • 1921
    George Melford’s silent film, The Sheik, starring Rudolph Valentino, premiers.
  • 1931
    The Sakurakai, a secret society in the Imperial Japanese Army, launches an abortive coup d'état attempt.
  • 1944
    World War II: Battle of Aachen: The city of Aachen falls to American forces after three weeks of fighting, making it the first German city to fall to the Allies.
  • 1956
    Kenyan rebel leader Dedan Kimathi is captured by the British Army, signalling the ultimate defeat of the Mau Mau Uprising, and essentially ending the British military campaign.
  • 1969
    A coup d'état in Somalia brings Siad Barre to power.
  • 1973
    John Paul Getty III’s ear is cut off by his kidnappers and sent to a newspaper in Rome; it doesn't arrive until November 8.
  • 1978
    Australian civilian pilot Frederick Valentich vanishes in a Cessna 182 over the Bass Strait south of Melbourne, after reporting contact with an unidentified aircraft.
  • 1979
    Moshe Dayan resigns from the Israeli government because of strong disagreements with Prime Minister Menachem Begin over policy towards the Arabs.
  • 1983
    The metre is defined at the seventeenth General Conference on Weights and Measures as the distance light travels in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 of a second.
  • 1986
    In Lebanon, pro-Iranian kidnappers claim to have abducted American writer Edward Tracy (he is released in August 1991).
  • 2003
    Images of the dwarf planet Eris are taken and subsequently used in documenting its discovery by the team of Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz.

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